List of Entomological Publications (Autobibliographie)
Ulrich PAUKSTADT & Laela Hayati PAUKSTADT


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Paukstadt, U. & Paukstadt, L. H. (2004): An introduction to the wild silkmoths of the Oriental Region, with special reference to Peninsular Malaysia Part 1 (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). - Beiträge zur Kenntnis der wilden Seidenspinner (Wilhelmshaven), 2 (3): pp. 111-188.




Summary: This contribution on the wild silkmoths (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) deals in general with the distribution of the genera and taxa of the Saturniidae in the Oriental Region and in particular with the taxa of Peninsular Malaysia. Thus far 25 taxa of the family Saturniidae were recorded for Peninsular Malaysia of which three species presently are considered being endemic to Peninsular Malaysia. Today the Malay Peninsula is well isolated from other fauna and flora regions by the Andaman Sea, the Strait of Malacca, the South China Sea, the Gulf of Thailand, and in its northern part by the Isthmus of Kra. Presently lowland taxa are unable to disperse due to the open seas which are surrounding the peninsula. Highland taxa are unable to disperse because there are no direct connections via higher mountain ranges between the Westmalaysian Highlands and either the Himalaya, the Barisan Range (Sumatera), the mountain ranges of Borneo or of Vietnam. During the glacials Peninsula Malaysia was connected to the islands of Sumatera, Borneo, Jawa, and the Mekong Region via the exposed Sunda Shelf because the sea level was about 180 m lower than the present sea level. Gene flow and dispersal of lowland taxa between regions which are islands or peninsulas today (Westmalaysia, Sumatera, Jawa, Borneo, Mekong area) was possible via the exposed Sunda Shelf. Most likely even dispersal and gene flow of highland taxa between the Malaysian Highlands and the Himalaya was temporary possible due to the cold climate, which caused that the altitudinal distributions of fauna (and flora) was much lower than today. The present distribution pattern of some genera might indicate dispersals. Peninsular Malaysia is part of Southeast Asia and located on the Sunda Shelf. The term Southeast Asia was established for a particular region during World War II and today includes the states of Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Vietnam, Cambodia, Malaysia, Singapore, Brunei, Indonesia (excluding the Indonesian provinces on the island of New Guinea), East Timor, and the Philippines. The Oriental Region of the zoologists additionally includes the Indian Subcontinent with its states of India, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, and Bangladesh, the Himalayan states of Nepal and Bhutan in the north, southern China and Taiwan, and the islands of the central Pacific. The botanists are using a divergent termination for their floral regions. For the Indonesian Archipelago the Dutch Colonists established the term East Indies, and the term Sundaland was recently established by Nässig for the exposed lands on the Sunda Shelf in Southeast Asia.