List of Entomological Publications (Autobibliographie)
Ulrich PAUKSTADT & Laela Hayati PAUKSTADT
Paukstadt, U., Suhardjono & Paukstadt, L. H. (2003): Notes on the distribution of the genus Antheraea Hübner, 1819 ("1816") and of some selected hosts of the larvae of this genus in Indonesia (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). - Galathea - Berichte des Kreises Nürnberger Entomologen eV (Nürnberg), Supplement 14: pp. 25-64; 4 tables, 11 maps.
Summary: The saturniid moths of the genus Antheraea Hübner, 1819 ("1816") (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) (sensu Nässig 1991) are worldwide distributed mostly in the northern hemisphere in temperate climates. Only in the Indonesian Archipelago the range of the genus extends in adjacent locations till 11° southern latitude (up to approximately 1200 km south of the equator). The range of the genus Antheraea includes North and Central America, locally Europe, eastern, southern and southeastern Asia. Taxa in the New World belong to the subgenus Telea Hübner, 1819 ("1816"), in Europe only introduced taxa of the subgenus Antheraea Hübner, 1819 ("1816") are known, the Asian taxa are placed in the subgenera Antheraea and Antheraeopsis Wood-Mason, 1886. The single Indian taxon Antheraea (Telea) compta W. Rothschild, 1899 is presently placed in the New World subgenus Telea, which requires a final confirmation. Introduced taxa of the genus Antheraea are likely present in some Asian regions due to the extensive industrial usage of the silkworm, which already started during ancient times. In Central America the ranges of some taxa of the subgenus Telea are probably restricted to the distributions of oak trees (Quercus spp., Fagaceae) which remain in higher mountainous areas. Thus far no reliable records of taxa of the genus Antheraea as presently defined are present from South America, and the African and the Australian fauna including the island of New Guinea.
The vernacular name "oak silkmoth", e.g., Chinese Oak Silkmoth Antheraea pernyi (Guérin-Méneville, 1855), Japanese Oak Silkmoth A. yamamai (Guérin-Méneville, 1861), and Indian Oak Silkmoth A. mylitta (Drury, 1773) might suggest that this large group of about seventy more or less closely related taxa is preferably feeding on oak (Quercus spp., Fagaceae) and therefore likely might be somehow associated with the Quercus-flora in its natural environment. Evaluations of notes in literature, notes on pin-label of specimens in Museum Zoologicum Bogoriense (Cibinong), in coll. L. H. Paukstadt (Wilhelmshaven), and rearing experiments by the authors demontrated that the larvae have to be considered being mostly polyphagous. In this contribution the distribution pattern of the Antheraea-fauna and those of the Quercus-flora are compared, as well as the distribution pattern of the Antheraea-fauna with those of the non-Quercus-flora, which is known being the host of some of the Indonesian Antheraea taxa. It is hardly possible to select and confirm hosts of the larvae by collecting the adults in light traps and by comparisons of a relatively small number of data from literature and pin-label only. Therefore we have to point out that the following assumptions made in this preliminary contribution need to be confirmed and likely revised after more field observations become available. Although our studies regarding this are still not completed, we intend to publish this preliminary results to make them available.