List of New Descriptions (partim Autobibliographie)
Ulrich PAUKSTADT & Laela Hayati PAUKSTADT
BACK New Descriptions
Paukstadt, U., & Paukstadt, L. H. (2002): Attacus suparmani n. sp., eine neue Saturniide von der Insel Alor, Indonesien (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). - Galathea - Berichte des Kreises Nürnberger Entomologen eV (Nürnberg), Supplement 12: pp. 17-25; col.-pl. with 7 figs., 1 text-fig.
Summary: Attacus suparmani sp. nov., a new wild silkmoth from the island of Alor, Indonesia (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) is described. - The genus Attacus Linnaeus, 1767 (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) is distributed in almost the entire Indonesian Archipelago, but thus far no members of this genus were known to inhabit the islands of Solor, Adonara, Lomblen, Pantar, Alor, and Wetar, which continue in the chain of islands eastwards of the island of Flores, Indonesia. Four taxa all in fully species rank were recognized by Peigler (1989) in his revision of the genus Attacus for the Lesser Sunda Islands and the Southern Moluccas. Those are A. inopinatus Jurriaanse & Lindemans, 1920 (Lombok, Sumbawa, Sumba, and Flores), A. dohertyi W. Rothschild, 1895 (Timor, Damar, and Romang), A. aurantiacus W. Rothschild, 1895 (Kai Archipelago), and A. intermedius Jurriaanse & Lindemans, 1920 (Tanimbar Archipelago). No records of the genus Attacus are known from the Babar and Leti Archipelago thus far, an unproven record is from the Aru Archipelago (pers. comm. Budiamin & Suparman). In September 2001 a first expedition to the island of Alor (8.4 grad southern latitude 124.7 grad eastern longitude) and the adjacent smaller islands off the northern coast of Timor was carried out by K. Budiamin and D. Suparman (Jakarta) during the dry season. Further expeditions during the rainy season were arranged by the authors and carried out by the same collectors and/or local people. For the first time a taxon of the genus Attacus was collected on the island of Alor, which proved being distinct from related taxa known from the Lesser Sunda Islands and the Moluccas.
A new species of the genus Attacus Linnaeus, 1767 (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) herewith is described from the island of Alor, Indonesia: A. suparmani sp. nov. The new species is distinct from the related A. inopinatus, A. dohertyi, A. intermedius, and A. aurantiacus, as well as from A. wardi W. Rothschild, 1910 (northern Australia). Not much is known on the geographical distribution, the biology and the ecology of the new species thus far. Records are from primary forests from about 400 till 780 m above sea level on the island of Alor. The male adults from Alor (A. suparmani sp. nov.) and Flores (A. inopinatus) show different approaching times to light sources, no records are present for specimens from Timor (A. dohertyi). The preimaginal instars of A. suparmani sp. nov. remain unknown.
A. suparmani sp. nov. is well distinguishable from the related A. inopinatus and A. dohertyi by the pattern and the coloration, particularly by the distinct shapes of wing ocelli and the postmedian lines, by the ground coloration, and by the number of accessory fenestrae in the male adults, from A. aurantiacus, A. intermedius and A. wardi by the coloration of whitish scales proximally off the eyespot in the forewing apices, which are similar in the latter three taxa (therefore the taxa are considered closely related by us), by the transparent postmedian lines in A. wardi and A. intermedius, and by the yellowish ground coloration in A. aurantiacus. In the absence of the preimaginal instars of A. suparmani sp. nov. we are unable to describe. The male genitalia structures of A. suparmani sp. nov. are described, figured and compared to those of A. inopinatus and A. dohertyi. The structures of the valves in A. suparmani sp. nov. are clearly distinct to those of the latter two mentioned species. No comparisons of the genitalia structures to those of A. intermedius, A. aurantiacus and A. wardi were carried out due to lack of specimens for dissections.