List of Entomological Publications (Autobibliographie)
Ulrich PAUKSTADT & Laela Hayati PAUKSTADT
Paukstadt, U. & Paukstadt, L. H. (2002): Beispiele für Mostrositäten bei Taxa der Gattung Attacus Linnaeus, 1767 (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). - Galathea - Berichte des Kreises Nürnberger Entomologen eV (Nürnberg), 18 (2): pp. 75-81; 4 figs. (line drawings).
Summary: Examples for monstrous specimens in the genus Attacus Linnaeus, 1767 (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). - The Indo-Australian genus Attacus Linnaeus, 1767 (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) is wide ranging from Simla (India) in the northwest to the Ryukyu Islands (Japan) in the northeast and northern Queensland (Australia) [remarks: the record from Queensland was erroneously copied from Peigler (1989)] in the southeast, on a northwest-southeast transect approximately 8600 km. Some taxa of the genus Attacus representing the largest moths in the world with wingspans up to 27 cm, measured at a living specimen in resting position in a straight line between both forewing apices. Vernacular names for taxa of the genus Attacus are 'atlas moth' or 'giant atlas moth' in English, 'kupu-kupu gajah' in Bahasa Indonesia and 'elefant flinders' (=elephant moths) in Dutch. Atlas moths have been very popular for many decades due to their dimensions, unusual wingshape, coloration and pattern. Due to the great variability of the adults and its sexual dimorphism about 50 names have been proposed for the species belonging to Attacus as currently defined. Peigler (1989) recognized 14 taxa as valid in his revision of the genus Attacus. This paper deals with some monstrous specimens known in the genus Attacus. Attacus atlas (Linnaeus, 1758) from Java and Bali, Indonesia, A. lorquinii C. & R. Felder, 1861 from Luzon, Philippines, and A. erebus Fruhstorfer, 1904 from Sulawesi, Indonesia were selected as prototypes for demonstrating monstrosity in the genus Attacus. This contribution based on the large collection of specimens of the genera Attacus and Archaeoattacus by Laela H. Paukstadt (Wilhelmshaven, Germany), which is now in coll. Museum Witt (Munich, Germany).