List of Entomological Publications (Autobibliographie)
Ulrich PAUKSTADT & Laela Hayati PAUKSTADT


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Paukstadt, U. & Paukstadt, L. H. (2000): Beitrag zur Kenntnis der Variabilität bei Attacus erebus Fruhstorfer, 1904 von Sulawesi, Indonesien (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). - Galathea - Berichte des Kreises Nürnberger Entomologen eV (Nürnberg), Suppl. 8: pp. 56-58; 2 figs.

Summary: Contribution to knowledge the variability of Attacus erebus Fruhstorfer, 1904 from Sulawesi, Indonesia (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). - In this contribution to knowledge the variability of Attacus erebus Fruhstorfer, 1904 (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) the extremes in the variability of the male adults is discussed and figured. The males of A. erebus are considered being highly variable moths. The main fenestrae are generally present in all four wings, of large size and triangular shape, and in both sexes boldly bordered with black. The number of accessory fenestrae in forewings and hindwings is variable, and they are even not symmetrically represented on each side. Peigler (1989) noted that in the forewings the 1st accessory fenestra might be present, often represented by a black spot only and without hyaline center. The 2nd accessory fenestra, as well as the 1st and 2nd accessory fenestrae in the hindwings are reported absent. During the last years we received a quite large number of wild collected erebus from Sulawesi and some specimens were additionally reared by the junior author. Due to the large number of specimens, we are able to demonstrate the fully range of variability in the male of A. erebus. In the forewings, as already reported by Peigler (1989) the 1st accessory fenestra can be absent or present, or represented by only a black spot without hyaline center. In specimens were the 1st accessory fenestra is present, the 2nd accessory fenestra occasionally might be present, often represented by only a black spot without hyaline center. In the hindwings the 1st accessory fenestra can be present, often represented by only a black spot without hyaline center. In one specimen both accessory fenestrae are present in the forewings, and in another specimen only the 1st accessory fenestra is present in the forewings and in the right hindwing. The 2nd accessory fenestra is represented by a black spot without hyaline center in the right hindwing. In the left hindwing both accessory fenestrae are represented by black spots only, without hyaline center. This is the maximum number of accessory fenestrae found in a male of A. erebus thus far. Presently the specimen are preserved in Museum Thomas Witt (Munich, Germany).