List of Entomological Publications (Autobibliographie)
Ulrich PAUKSTADT & Laela Hayati PAUKSTADT
Paukstadt, U. & Paukstadt, L. H. (1999): Actias selene taprobanis n. subsp., eine neue Saturniide von Sri Lanka und Südindien (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). - Galathea - Berichte des Kreises Nürnberger Entomologen eV (Nürnberg), Suppl. 6: pp. 59-71; 4 b/w figs, col.-pl. with 4 figs.
Summary: A new subspecies of the genus Actias Leach in Leach & Nodder, 1815 (the moon moths) is described from Sri Lanka and southern India: Actias selene taprobanis subsp. nov. (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) - male holotype and female allotype in Senckenberg-Museum, Frankfurt (SMFL); the type locality is Sri Lanka, vic. Kandy. Actias selene taprobanis subsp. nov. was given a toponimic name referred to the collecting place the island of Sri Lanka (Taprobanis is an archaic name for Sri Lanka). The new subspecies represents a taxon of the selene-group (sensu Nässig et al. 1996), which is distributed from Afghanistan via China, southern Siberia, Japan, and the Ryukyu Islands to Taiwan and the Philippines (reports are from the islands of Luzon, Mindoro and Mindanao thus far), in the south and southeast to Sri Lanka, the Andamans, Borneo, and the Indonesian islands of Sumatra and Java. Presently there are no specimens of the selene-group known to us from Palawan, the Sulu-Archipelago, the Lesser Sunda Islands (Bali and the islands east of Bali), Sulawesi and the Moluccas. The selene-group contains a few very closely related taxa. Those are A. selene (Hübner, 1806), A. eberti Rougeot, 1969 stat. nov., A. callandra Jordan, 1911, A. gnoma (Butler, 1877), and A. artemis (Bremer & Grey, 1853), which are clearly distinct on specific level, while the taxa ningpoana C. & R. Felder, 1862, brevijuxta Nässig & Treadaway, 1997, malaisei Bryk, 1944, seitzi Kalis, 1934, vandenberghi Roepke, 1956, and taprobanis subsp. nov. (the list is not complete) are presently treated as valid subspecies of selene (cf U. Paukstadt & L. H. Paukstadt, Entomologische Zeitschrift (Stuttgart), in print). We do not intend to change the taxonomic rank of ningpoana, seitzi, brevijuxta, and vandenberghi prior to a revision of the genus Actias or at least of the selene-group is done. Most of the named subspecies of selene are either geographically well separated within the distribution of selene sensu lato, e.g. vandenberghi (Sumatra), callandra (Andamans), or they are periphically isolated, e.g. eberti (Afghanistan), brevijuxta (Philippines), seitzi (Java), taprobanis subsp. nov. (Sri Lanka and southern India). A. selene taprobanis subsp. nov. is obviously restricted to the tropical wet biomes of the island of Sri Lanka and southern Indian subcontinent (Tamil Nadu). The populations are well separated from the distribution of the nominotypical selene and its subspecies eberti by the tropical semi-arid to arid biomes between these regions (cf. Peigler 1989, who discussed in detail the isolating mechanismn between the Indian populations of Attacus atlas (Linnaeus, 1758) and Attacus taprobanis Moore, 1883). The male genitalia structures of taprobanis subsp. nov., seitzi and the recently described brevijuxta were found similar in some features but well distinguishable from those of the nominotypical selene from northern India. The juxta protuberances are shorter, the shape of the valves, and the arrangement of spines at the apex of the aedeagus in taprobanis subsp. nov. are distinct from those of the selene populations from northern India, Myanmar and Thailand. Due to above mentioned differences in the male genitalia we consider that the populations from Sri Lanka and southern India belong to a distinct taxon. The male and the female adults of A. selene taprobanis subsp. nov., as well as the male genitalia structures are described, figured and compared to those of closely related taxa. Although the populations of Sri Lanka were reared, the preimaginal instars of A. selene taprobanis subsp. nov. remain poorly known, and not much is known on the biology and ecology thus far.