List of Entomological Publications (Autobibliographie)
Ulrich PAUKSTADT & Laela Hayati PAUKSTADT


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Paukstadt, U., Paukstadt, L. H. & Brosch, U. (1998): Antheraea (Antheraea) myanmarensis n. sp., eine neue Saturniide von Südostasien (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). - Entomologische Zeitschrift (Essen), 108 (2): pp. 57-64; col.-pl. with 4 figs., 3 b&w figs.

Summary: The following contribution to knowledge the Southeast Asian wild silkmoths is a result of our intensive studies on the genus Antheraea Hübner, 1819 ("1816") (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae). We decided to publish taxonomic changes and descriptions of new taxa of the genus Antheraea prior to the completion of a monograph on this genus, which is in preparation (U. Paukstadt, Brosch & L. H. Paukstadt: An introduction to the genus Antheraea Hübner, 1819 ("1816")).

A new species of the genus Antheraea is described from continental Southeast Asia: Antheraea (Antheraea) myanmarensis sp. nov. The new species represents a taxon of the subgenus Antheraea Hübner, 1819 ("1816") and belongs to the frithi-subgroup of the paphia/frithi-group (sensu Nässig 1991) [recte mylitta/frithi-group (sensu U. Paukstadt, Brosch & L. H. Paukstadt 1999)]. A. myanmarensis sp. nov. is known from southeastern Myanmar (former Burma), Tenasserim Mountain Range. Records ranging from elevations from between 600 to 1100 m above sea level. The adults are on the wings from April till July and from September till November. The main flight periode might be from September till November, with a clear peak in October. The new species probably is an endemic of the Tenasserim Mountain Range, Southeast Burma, where it is sympatric with the common A. frithi Moore, 1859 (a revision of the frithi-subgroup is needed, the taxonomic status of the populations from southern Myanmar and northern Thailand need investigated). The latter is on the wings from June till August and October till November, with a very small peak in October. There are a very few scattered records of A. myanmarensis sp. nov. from other regions, which are considered to belong to mislabeled specimens until more material is available. The male and the female adults, as well as the male genitalia structures are described, figured and compared to those of the closely related A. frithi from southern Myanmar and northern Thailand. The preimaginal instars of A. myanmarensis sp. nov. remain unknow. Nothing is known on the biology and ecology thus far.

A. myanmarensis sp. nov. was named for the people of Myanmar. The new species is clearly distinguishable from the closely related taxa of the frithi-subgroup, e.g. A. frithi from South-, Southeast- and Eastasia and A. gschwandneri Niepelt, 1918 from Sumatra [recte Antheraea sumatrana Niepelt, 1926]. There is a taxon similar to A. gschwandneri in Malaysia Peninsular: A. celebensis gschwandneri Niepelt, 1918 (sensu Holloway 1987) [remarks: described under the name of A. ulrichbroschi U. Paukstadt & L. H. Paukstadt, 1999 and lowered into synonymy of A. steinkeorum U. Paukstadt, Brosch & L. H. Paukstadt, 1999 by Naumann (2001)]. We presently do not believe that this taxon is a subspecies of A. celebensis Watson, 1915, which most likely is an endemic to the island of Sulawesi and the adjacent smaller islands. The Malay taxon of the frithi-subgroup could be very closely related to, or even could be conspecific with A. gschwandneri. The male of A. myanmarensis sp. nov. is generally smaller, the forewing apex is longer, and the forewings are much more falcate than those in A. frithi. The forewing length in the male of A. myanmarensis sp. nov. (measurements of A. frithi follow in square brackets) is 56-64 [62-68] mm, mean 59.5 [63.1] mm, n = 25 [21]); the length/width of the male antenna is 8.5-9.2 mm by 3.8-4.0 mm, mean 8.8/4.0 [10.3/4.8] mm, n = 17 [27]). Holotype forewing length 60 mm and antenna 9.0/4.0 mm. The wing pattern is similar to that of A. frithi and other related taxa of the frithi-subgroup, but the ground coloration is generally much more darker and the marginal areas of forewings and hindwings are always intensive purple colored and clearly broader at the forewing tornus. Comparisons of the structures of the male genitalia of above mentioned taxa do not offer good diagnostic characters, but the aedoeagus of A. myanmarensis sp. nov. was found to be generally shorter than in A. frithi. The female shows a rich purple coloration of the marginal areas, analogous to the coloration of the male. The forewing length in the female of A. myanmarensis sp. nov. (measurements of A. frithi follow in square brackets) is 64-78 [62-84] mm, mean 74.3 [75.3] mm, n = 11 [11]; the length/width of the female antenna is 10.5-11.2 mm by 3.2-3.5 mm, mean 10.9/3.3 [10.4/2.0] mm, n = 5 [10]. The forewing length in the female allotype is 78 mm and the antenna 11.2/3.3 mm. Above figures show that the width of the female antenna is nearly double as in the related A. frithi, which clearly indicates that A. myanmarensis sp. nov. is a distinct species and not a color form of A. frithi or of any other taxon of the taxonomically still extremely difficult paphia/frithi-group. The male holotype and the female allotype temporary remain in the collection Paukstadt & Paukstadt (Wilhelmshaven) [remarks: now in coll. L. H. Paukstadt (Wilhelmshaven, Germany)]. Paratype specimens are in the collections Beeke (Hille), Brechlin (Pasewalk), Brosch (Hille), Lemaire in Muséum national d'Histoire naturelle (Paris), Naumann (Berlin), Nässig in Senckenberg Museum/Frankfurt am Main, Paukstadt & Paukstadt (Wilhelmshaven) [remarks: now in coll. L. H. Paukstadt (Wilhelmshaven, Germany)], and Museum Witt (Munich). Some paratype specimens of A. myanmarensis sp. nov. from the collection Paukstadt & Paukstadt are donated to different Museum collections.