List of Entomological Publications (Autobibliographie)
Ulrich PAUKSTADT & Laela Hayati PAUKSTADT
Paukstadt, U., Paukstadt, L. H. & Suhardjono, Y. R. (1997): Antheraea (Antheraea) kageri n. sp., eine neue Saturniide (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) von Sulawesi, Indonesien. - Entomologische Zeitschrift (Essen), 107 (2) pp. 53-59; 7 figs.
Summary: A new species of the genus Antheraea Hübner, 1819 ("1816") (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae) is described from the island of Sulawesi, Indonesia: Antheraea (Antheraea) kageri sp. nov. A. kageri sp. nov. is named in honour of our friend Dr. med. Stefan Kager (Nürnberg, Germany). Thus far this species is known from the island of Sulawesi (Celebes) only, altitudinally distribution between 700 and 1600 m above sea level, South Sulawesi and Central Sulawesi Provinces, Indonesia. A. kageri sp. nov. occurs in primary montane forest. The new species most likely is endemic to the island of Sulawesi as its relatives of the same subgroup, the cordifolia-subgroup (sensu Holloway, Naumann & Nässig 1996). The male holotype, paratype, and the genitalia structures are figured and compared to A. paukstadtorum Naumann, Holloway & Nässig, 1996 and other species of the same species-group from Sulawesi. The female of A. kageri sp. nov. remains unknown, it might be already in collections, somehow hidden within the huge number of the most variable females of A. paukstadtorum.
A. kageri sp. nov. represents a taxon of the paphia/frithi-group (sensu Nässig 1991) [recte mylitta/frithi-group (sensu U. Paukstadt, Brosch & L. H. Paukstadt 1999)]. The male of A. kageri sp. nov. is clear distinguished from the closely related Sulawesian Antheraea minahassae Niepelt, 1926, A. paukstadtorum, A. taripaensis Naumann, Nässig & Holloway, 1996, A. viridiscura Holloway, Nässig & Naumann, 1996, the related A. cordifolia Weymer, 1906, A. celebensis Watson, 1915, and other taxa of the genus Antheraea from the same habitats by the coloration, the forewing shape, sizes of the eyespots and of the male antennae. There are differences in the structures of the male genitalia present as well.
It is much surprising that this relatively common Antheraea was not recognized as a new species earlier. The reasons of this are most probably the following: A. kageri sp. nov. was hidden within a considerable large series of the highly variable A. paukstadtorum from the same habitats. Due to the considerable range of the variability of the common A. paukstadtorum, the new species was probably determined as one of its extreme morphs and not determined as a new species. We have to point out that A. kageri sp. nov. is a distinct species and neither an extreme
morph, nor a form of the related A. paukstadtorum as noted in Holloway et al. (1996). A. kageri sp. nov. itself is not a most variable species, but coloration and wing pattern of the new species are approaching or even overlaping with the extremes of those of A. paukstadtorum. In both species, A. kageri sp. nov. and A. paukstadtorum, there were clear morphologically differences found in the average length of forewings, size of forewing eyespots, length/width of antennae, and in the length of the bristles on top of the dorsal branch of the valves of the male genitalia. We received several hundreds of eggs from wild collected females of "A. paukstadtorum" (forewings and/or hindwings added for identification). Two morphologically distinct larvae were reared by the junior author. Our studies on the preimaginal instars of A. kageri sp. nov. and A. paukstadtorum are not yet fully completed and therefore it is too early for further statements. The preimaginal instars of A. kageri sp. nov. are described at a later date.
A. paukstadtorum was described after a huge number of male and female specimens. The male holotype of A. paukstadtorum was sorry neither detailed described nor figured in the original description. We have seen a color slide and received measurements of the holotype specimen, which is not conspecific with A. kageri sp. nov. The male paratype specimens of A. paukstadtorum have to be examined, a few of them most probably belong to A. kageri sp. nov. In Holloway et al. (1996) the paratype specimens figured on color plate 3, figs. 2 and 5 might belong to A. kageri sp. nov., as well as the line drawing 5a of the male genitalia (GP 722/94 WNG).