List of Entomological Publications (Autobibliographie)


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Paukstadt, L. H. & Paukstadt, U. (1996): Beschreibung der Präimaginalstadien von Brahmaea (Brahmophthalma) celebica Toxopeus [1939] von Sulawesi, Indonesien, sowie Angaben zur Biologie und Ökologie (Lepidoptera: Brahmaeidae). - Entomologische Zeitschrift (Essen), 106 (11): pp. 443-449; 10 figs.

Summary: The life-history of Brahmaea (Brahmophthalma) celebica Toxopeus, [1939] (Lepidoptera: Brahmaeidae) from Sulawesi, Indonesia. - The authors received living eggs of Brahmaea (Brahmophthalma) celebica Toxopeus, [1939] from Puncak Palopo, 1300 m above sea level, South Sulawesi Province, Sulawesi, Indonesia. Thus far B. celebica is only known from the island of Sulawesi [remarks: a singleton is from the Banggai Archipelago]. This taxon of the small family Brahmaeidae Walker, 1855 was successfully reared for the first time. The hithero unknown preimaginal instars of B. celebica are described and figured. Rearing observations on the ecology, biology and on behavior are recorded. The larval instars of B. celebica are well distinguishable from those of B. hearseyi White, [1862] from the island of Sumatera, Indonesia (cf. Paukstadt & Paukstadt 1986). No taxonomic changes are proposed.

Description of preimaginal instars:
Ovum whitish, spherical, with flattened bottom, diameter about 3 mm and hight 2.5 mm.
1st larval instar main coloration mostly black with each two white transverse rings at 1st to 7th abdominal segment. Meso- and metathorax dorsally with each two long black scoli, 8th abdominal segment with a similar unpaired scolus, and a shorter pair of forked scoli on the posterior end of the anal plate. Abdominal segments dorsally with each one pair of tiny scoli. All scoli not as much haired as in B. hearseyi. Head and legs glossy black.
2nd larval instar thoracic, 8th abdominal and anal segments mostly yellow colored and its black pattern less than in previous instar. Ventrally, head, legs and scoli black. Tiny scoli on abdominal segments absent.
3rd larval instar thoracic, 8th abdominal and anal segments and a basal lateral stripe at abdominal segments mostly yellow. Each two large black dots on the dorsal surface between thoracic segments ("snake-head"? mimesis).
4th larval instar yellow coloration of thoracic and anal segments less than in previous instar. Scoli on posterior end of the anal plate slightly reduced in length.
5th larval instar yellow coloration mostly reduced. All scoli totally reduced but bases of thoracic scoli horn-like enlarged. At the end of this instar larva dorsally orange colored. Mature larva approximately 12 cm long.
Pupa dark blackish brown. Cremaster with two spines.