List of Entomological Publications (Autobibliographie)
Ulrich PAUKSTADT & Laela Hayati PAUKSTADT


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Paukstadt, U. & Paukstadt, L. H. (1996): Kritische Überlegungen zur Feststellung von Generationszyklen bei Saturniidae (Lepidoptera) der Großen Sundainseln, Indonesien. - Entomologische Zeitschrift (Essen), 106 (3): pp. 101-102.

Summary: Since the meteorological conditions of the Greater Sunda Islands, Indonesia considerable vary even between two nearby locations, it is much difficult to determine the true annual life-cycles of most of the wild silkmoths (Lepidoptera: Saturniidae), as well as generally for all insects. Particularly in the mountainous regions a tropical climate prevails with high temperatures throughout the year, and heavy rainfall caused by the monsoon airstream, mainly at the weather-sides of the high mountain ranges. Lee-sides of the mountains are usually much more dry. The monsoon wind stays relatively constant for several months and then changed gradually to the opposite direction. In those locations often a typical monsoon climate prevails with well marked wet and dry seasons corresponding with the monsoon. In other areas the wind directions are modified by the topography and the geographical position. Due to this complex climatic situation the rainy season might be present at one slope (weather-side) of a mountain range, while the dry season is present in the shadow (lee-side) of the same range. After the monsoon changed to the other direction, the formerly dry region becomes wet and the wet region dry respectively. The collecting data of adults of a strictly univoltine species, which were obtained in both nearby locations during the local rainy seasons, may suggest a bivoltine flight. To obtain true statements on the life-cycles of saturniid moths, the distribution area should be first divided into zones, which representing the same meteorological conditions prior separating the collecting data accordingly. The collecting data of each present zone of the island or region should separately be used for the analysis.